Big List of Formats and Data Sources

This Big List provides a more or less comprehensive listing of the many formats and data sources Manifold can use.    Given the rapid evolution of Manifold, it could be that a new data source or format has been added that is not yet covered in this list.   For the very latest, download the latest Cutting Edge edition of Manifold Viewer and see all the data sources and formats listed in File - Import and Create Data Source dialogs.

 

See also the Data Sources web page for lists of the latest supported formats and data sources, as well as visual examples for many formats and data sources.

Database Servers

Data sources for database servers built into every Manifold installation.  No extra software or installations required.

 

IBM DB2

Direct connection.  Connecting to a 64-bit version of DB2 requires installing the latest fix pack dated December 7, 2017.  In the past, Manifold connected to DB2 using IBM's native CLI connection interface. CLI was similar to ODBC and over time the differences between the offered functionality were becoming ever smaller until they almost completely disappeared.   Manifold now uses ODBC since CLI has become so similar to ODBC there is no longer any need to support a specialized interface that requires separate configuration but which offers no gain.

MySQL

Direct connection.

Oracle

Direct connection.

PostgreSQL

Direct connection.

Microsoft SQL Server

Direct connection.

SQLite

Direct connection. (Also listed as a File Database source.)

ESRI Geodatabases (SDE)

ESRI Geodatabases using SDE style storage on database servers such as Oracle and other database servers. See also listings below for ESRI File Geodatabases and ESRI Personal Geodatabases.

ODBC

Any ODBC driver.

OLE DB

Any OLE DB Provider.

ADO.NET

Generic ADO.NET data source.

ADO.NET ODBC

ODBC through ADO.NET.

ADO.NET OLE DB

OLE DB through ADO.NET.

ADO.NET Oracle

ADO.NET built in connection to Oracle.

ADO.NET SQL Server

ADO.NET built in connection to SQL Server.

 

For tips from Engineering when using DBMS packages, see the DBMS Data Sources - Notes topic.

 

ODBC and Other Database Servers

Popular database servers suggested by Manifold users based on variations of the built-in servers listed above, for example, using ODBC. Search the vendor's website for the latest versions of required drivers. Some vendors require downloads or licensing to connect to their packages or to obtain their client drivers. These servers have been recommended by users and are not operated by Manifold or supported by Manifold tech support.

 

Actian Matrix

Connects using Actian Matrix ODBC drivers.

Actian Vector / Ingres

Connects using Actian Ingres ODBC drivers.

ALTIBASE

DSN connection requires ALTIBASE HDB Client.

Amazon Aurora

Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Manifold.

Amazon EMR

Connects using Amazon Hive or Impala ODBC drivers.

Cisco Information Server 7.0

Connects using Cisco Client Installation Package with ODBC.

Cisco Information Server 6.2.6

Connects using Cisco Client Installation Package with ODBC.

Google Cloud SQL

Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Manifold.

HP Vertica

Connects using HPE Vertica ODBC drivers.

Maria DB

Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Manifold.

MemSQL

Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Manifold.

MapR Hadoop Hive

Connects using MapR Hive ODBC drivers.

MonetDB

Connects using MonetDB ODBC drivers.

Microsoft Azure

Connects using SQL Server dialogs, built into Manifold.

IBM Netezza

Connects using Netezza ODBC driver.

Pivotal Greenplum Database

Connects using Pivotal Greenplum ODBC drivers.

SAP HANA

Connects using SAP HANA ODBC driver.

Snowflake

Connects via ODBC. Sign on to your Snowflake instance and use Help - Download to get the ODBC driver.

Splunk

Connects using Splunk ODBC drivers.

Teradata

Connects using Teradata ODBC driver.

 

Web Servers

Manifold connects to web servers with built-in capability for proprietary servers such as Bing as well as built-in capability for all standard web server protocols as listed below.

 

ArcGIS REST Servers

Connects to REST servers using ESRI ArcGIS protocols.

ECWP Servers

Acquire streamed imagery layered over standard HTTP from ERDAS Compressed Wavelet Protocol (ECWP) servers.

Geocodeserver Servers

Geocoding servers using the open geocoding server module interface.  See below for a list of built-in geocodeserver servers.

GeoJSON Servers

Web servers providing spatial data using GeoJSON, a "geographic" format using JavaScript Object Notation (JSON).   Manifold automatically reads TopoJSON when a GeoJSON Server provides TopoJSON.  Geometry collections are expanded automatically.

Imageserver Servers

Image servers using the open image server module interface.  See below for a list of built-in imageserver servers.

OSM Servers

OpenStreetMap servers.

TMS Servers

Tile Map Service (TMS) servers.

WFS Servers

OpenGIS Web Feature Service (WFS) servers.

WMS Servers

OpenGIS Web Map Service (WMS) servers.

WMTS Servers

OpenGIS Web Map Tile Service (WMTS) servers.

 

Geocoding Servers

The geocoding server module interface is an open interface for which anyone can write a module. The following modules are built into Manifold. Any user-provided modules will also appear as choices. Some geocoding services may require licensing or a key for access.

 

Bing Geocoder

Street address geocoding using Bing.

Google Geocoder

Street address geocoding using Google.

Here Geocoder

Street address geocoding using Here.

Here Landmark Geocoder

Landmark geocoding using Here.

Here Reverse Geocoder

Reverse street address geocoding using Here.

MapBox Geocoder

Street address geocoding using MapBox.

MapQuest Geocoder

Street address geocoding using MapQuest.

OpenCage Geocoder

Street address geocoding using OpenCage.

Yandex Geocoder

Street address geocoding using Yandex

 

Image Servers

The image server module interface is an open interface for which anyone can write a module. For spectacular visual examples, see the Example: Spectacular Images and Data from Web Servers topic. The following modules are built into Manifold. Any user-provided modules will also appear as choices. Some image servers may require licensing or a key for access.

 

Bing Maps Hybrid

Bing Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.

Bing Maps Satellite

Bing Maps showing satellite imagery.

Bing Maps Street Map

Bing Maps showing streets and features.

Google Maps Satellite

Google Maps showing satellite imagery.

Google Maps Street Map

Google Maps showing streets and features.

Google Maps Street Map (Transparent)

Google Maps showing streets with transparency between, to allow lower layers to show through.

Google Maps Terrain

Google Maps showing hill shaded terrain elevation.

Google Maps v2 Hybrid

Google Maps version 2 showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.

Google Maps v2 Satellite

Google Maps version 2 showing satellite imagery.

Google Maps v2 Street Map

Google Maps version 2 showing streets and features.

Google Maps v2 Terrain

Google Maps version 2 showing hill shaded terrain elevation.

Here Maps Base

Here Maps showing streets and features.

Here Maps Hybrid

Here Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.

Here Maps Satellite

Here Maps showing satellite imagery.

Here Maps Terrain

Here Maps showing hill shaded terrain elevation.

MapBox Maps Hybrid

MapBox Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imager

MapBox Maps Satellite

MapBox Maps showing satellite imagery.

MapBox Maps Street Map

MapBox Maps showing streets and features.

MapQuest Maps Hybrid

MapQuest Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.

MapQuest Maps Satellite

MapQuest Maps showing satellite imagery.

MapQuest Maps Street Map

MapQuest Maps showing streets and features.

NearMap Maps Street Map

NearMap Maps showing streets and features.

OpenStreet Maps Base

OpenStreet Maps showing streets and features.

OpenStreet Maps Migurski's Terrain

OpenStreet Maps showing Migurski styled hill shaded terrain elevation.

OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap

OpenStreet Maps showing streets and features with terrain elevations of interest to cyclists.

OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap Transport

OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap with public transportation added.

WikiMapia Street Map

WikiMapia data showing streets and features.

WikiMapia Street Map (Transparent)

WikiMapia data showing streets with transparency between, to allow lower layers to show through.

Yandex Maps Satellite

Yandex Maps showing satellite imagery.

Yandex Maps Street Map

Yandex Maps showing streets and features.

Yandex Maps v2 Hybrid

Yandex Maps version 2 showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.

Yandex Maps v2 Satellite

Yandex Maps version 2 showing satellite imagery.

Yandex Maps v2 Street Map

Yandex Maps version 2 showing streets and features.

 

File Databases

File databases are database systems or data storage formats that use files.  The following capabilities are built into Manifold and, except for GPKG, require no additional software. Manifold provides a fast download for GPKG on the Product Downloads page.

 

CSV, ASC, PSV, TAB, .txt, etc

Text formats used to store data.

DB .db

Borland Paradox database files.    Launch 32-bit Manifold.

DBF, .dbf

dBase, FoxPro

DSN .dsn

Microsoft Data Source files

HTML .htm, .html

Tables in HTML pages.    Launch 32-bit Manifold.

GDB, ESRI File Geodatabase

ESRI File Geodatabases using ESRI GDB files for storage.  File geodatabases are ESRI's recommended geodatabase format.  Manifold's GDB dataport includes numerous features to facilitate read/write use of ESRI file geodatabases.

MDB, ESRI Personal Geodatabase

ESRI Geodatabases using Microsoft MDB files for storage.    Launch 32-bit Manifold.

GPKG

Requires download of GPKG .DLL from Manifold Product Downloads page.

MDB .mdb

Microsoft Access formats, such as Access 2000 and Access 97 .mdb format    Launch 32-bit Manifold.

SQLite

SQLite database engine files.

UDL .udl

Microsoft Universal Data Link

WKx .wj, .wk

Lotus.  Launch 32-bit Manifold.

XLS .xls, XLSX .xlsx

Microsoft Excel.  Microsoft XLSX files appeared in Microsoft Office 2007 and later.  Launch 32-bit Manifold.

 

File Formats

Dataports for the following formats are built into Manifold. Manifold automatically connects to these formats with no need to install any extra libraries or to perform any additional installations.

 

. Files (CTG LULC) (".")

Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) data in CTG format in files that do not have a three letter extension.  See the CTG, LULC Grid Cell  topic.

. Files (GDAL/OGR) (".")

Launch the GDAL/OGR dataport:  files will be imported using GDAL/OGR.   See the GDAL / OGR  topic.

. Files (GIRAS LULC) (".")

Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) data in Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) format in files that do not have a three letter extension.  See the GIRAS, LULC Vector Format topic.

. Files (GLOBE) (".")

Terrain elevation data in NOAA GLOBE format files that do not have a three letter extension.  GLOBE is usually considered a more modern, slightly more complete version of the USGS GTOPO30 project. See the GLOBE topic.  See also the DEM, GTOPO30  topic.

. Files (GRASS) (".")

Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) format dot files.   See the GRASS topic.

000, S57

S57 ENC (Electronic Navigation Chart) vector format.  Used for nautical charts, especially for ENC electronic chart displays used in shipping.

ADRG, .thf

NGA ARC Digitized Raster Graphics, loaded from .thf files.

AVHRR, l1b

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Level 1b raw data, from satellites such as the NOAA Polar Orbiter.

ADF, ESRI ArcGrid

ESRI .adf format, also sometimes called ArcGrid format. ADF files can contain raster data, ESRI TIN data or vector (drawing) data.

BIL, ESRI Band Interleaved by Line

ESRI Band Interleaved by Line (BIL) format.  BIL is an ESRI format used for raster data.

BIN

Generic raw binary files.   See the RAW, RWB, RWT, BIN topic.

BMP

Windows bitmap

BNA, Atlas BNA

Atlas BNA format, a legacy vector format used with Atlas GIS packages.

BWx, USGS TIGER

Legacy US Census Bureau TIGER file format.

CS .cs

C# scripts

CSV

Comma-separated or other text file tables.  See File Databases section above.

CTG, LULC Grid Cell

USGS LULC (Land Use Land Cover) data in CTG (Composite Theme Grid) raster format, also known as Grid Cell files.

DAT, SPOT

SPOT satellite raster data.

DAT GCDB

Geographic Coordinate Data Base (GCDB) DAT file format.

DB

Tables in Borland Paradox files

DBF

Tables in dBase, FoxPro files

DDF, SDTS

US government SDTS (Spatial Data Transfer Standard) files ending in DDF extension. SDTS format stores rasters (terrain elevation data such as DEM, or images) and vectors (such as data sets converted from USGS DLG).

DDR, LAS

DDR files as used with Log ASCII Standard (LAS) format used for well logging data. This is a legacy format different from the LAS format used for LiDAR data.   LAS is a format originally developed by the Canadian Well Logging society in the late 1980's.     DDR files are most often encountered with older raster data from archival sites providing satellite images recorded by earth observation satellites in the 1990's.  

DEM

USGS DEM files, typically used for terrain elevation.   A different format than DEM as used in GTOPO30 format.

DEM, GTOPO30

USGS GTOPO30 DEM files, a different format than USGS DEM format.

DGN, Intergraph

Intergraph DGN format, a CAD-oriented format.  A legacy vector format used with Intergraph and Bentley Microstation GIS products.

DHT

Cataloging entry for many US military formats

DLG, USGS .DLG, .DO, .OPT

USGS Digital Line Graph Optional

DNG, Adobe

An Adobe variation of TIFF that might be encountered in digital photography.  DNG is an Adobe raster image format similar to TIF.  It provides no projection information and is primarily used for photography and non-spatial graphics arts.

DOQ, USGS .DOQ, .COQ

USGS Digital Orthophoto Quadrangle

DRG, USGS .TIF

USGS Digital Raster graphics (scanned maps) in .tif format.

DSN

Microsoft Data Source files

DTx, DTED, NIMA .DT0, DT1, DT2

Digital Terrain Elevation Data (US Military / NGA), DTED Level 0 (dt0), Level 1 (dt1), Level 2 (dt2)

DWG, AutoCAD

AutoCAD DWG format, a spatially-unaware CAD format that saves neither database information nor projection settings.  

DXF, AutoCAD

AutoCAD DXF format, a spatially-unaware CAD format that saves neither database information nor projection settings.  

E00, ESRI

ESRI .e00 is a complex legacy format used with ESRI's ArcINFO GIS product. It is capable of storing different types of data, including images and surfaces ("grids"), but is most often used for drawings.

ECW / JPEG2000

ERMapper / ERDAS / Hexagon .ecw Wavelet compressed or JPEG2000 compressed format.  ECW is an ERMapper, ERDAS format.  A high performance, more modern technology for raster compression using wavelet algorithms.  Manifold can link or import ECW and can export to ECW as well.

EMF, WMF

Windows Meta File and Extended Meta File

ERS

ERMapper .ers files.

FLT

ESRI ArcINFO Floating-Point Grid

FS .fs

F# scripts

GDAL / OGR

GDAL / OGR is not a single format but a collection of open source libraries that can read many formats, including many formats that Manifold can directly read.

GDF

Geographic Data Format (GDF) as used in TeleAtlas MultiNet and generic European GDF use.

GeoJSON / JSON

Files providing spatial data using GeoJSON, a "geographic" format using text written in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON).  Manifold automatically reads TopoJSON when a GeoJSON file contains TopoJSON.  Geometry collections are expanded automatically.  Manifold's GeoJSON dataport automatically recognizes GeoJSON content in files that end with either a .geojson or .json file extension.

GIF

A well-known image format.

GIRAS, LULC Vector Format

USGS LULC (Land Use Land Cover) data in GIRAS (Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System) vector format.

GIS, LAN ERDAS

ERDAS .lan and .gis format files.

GLOBE

Terrain elevation data in NOAA GLOBE format files that do not have a three letter extension.  GLOBE is usually considered a more modern, slightly more complete version of the USGS GTOPO30 project.   See also the DEM, GTOPO30  topic.

GML

OGC Geography Markup Language.

GPKG

The OGC GeoPackage format for storing vector and raster spatial data within an SQLite database container within a single .gpkg file.  As an interchange format, clearly superior to ubiquitous, but obsolete, shapefiles. Manifold can either import or link read/write in place GPKG databases.

GPX

GPS Exchange format.

GRASS

Format for the "Geographic Resources Analysis Support System" (GRASS) raster-oriented package, originally developed by the US Army Corps of Engineers, and still surviving as open source.

GRD, ESRI .ASC, .GRD

ESRI ArcINFO ASCII Grid

GRD, Northwood .GRC, .GRD

Northwood / Vertical Mapper Grid Format

GRD, Surfer .GRD

Golden Software Surfer Grid Format

GXF

Geosoft Grid Exchange File, an ASCII grid format mainly used for terrain elevation data but also for raster data for concentrations and similar.

HDF

SeaWiFS, EOS, NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications) Hierarchical Data Format (HDF). Used mostly for images. Used widely in Earth Observation Satellite (EOS) projects.

HGT

Space Shuttle SRTM data in .hgt, including .inc, .mag, .pol and .err files.

HTML

Tables in HTML files.

IMG

ENVI, ERDAS, IDRISI and IMDISP .img formats. Manifold autodetects and configures the right dataport.  When linking ERDAS IMG file ensembles that include intermediate levels in the RRD file, Manifold will automatically use those intermediate levels to provide very fast display.

INP EPANET

EPANET files.

J2K, JPEG 2000

A compression format from the JPEG organization that uses wavelet compression similar to ECW and MrSID.    Manifold reads/writes/links JPEG 2000 format.

JPG, JPEG, JPE

A well-known image format using .jpg, .jpeg, or .jpe extension.

JS .js

JavaScript scripts

KML, KMZ Google

Google Earth KML and KMZ

L1B .l1b

NOAA Polar Orbiter Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Level 1 B

LAS, LAZ LiDAR

Format for storing LiDAR data (LAS) or LiDAR data in zipped form (LAZ).

LBL LAS

Log ASCII Standard (LAS) format.

MAP, Manifold

All Manifold and Radian .map project files.

MBS, .mbs, .xbs

ETAK / TeleAtlas MapBase

MFD, Manifold

Release 4.50 and earlier Manifold GIS .mfd files.

MIF, MID  MapInfo

MapInfo mid/mif, an interchange format for vectors.

MML, Manifold

Manifold Markup Language .mml files for generic storage of Release 9 / Radian projects.

MWS, Manifold

Manifold 4.50 .mws workspace files, including automatic import from referenced .mfd and .mdb files.

NC, NetCDF

NetCDF files in .nc format

NDE TAIF .nde, .edg, .fac

TAIF is TeleAtlas Interchange Format, used in Street Net and Multi Net data sets.

NTF .ntf

UK Ordnance Survey .ntf files, including various NTF subformats.

NITF, .ntf

US military NGA .ntf image format, a different format than UK Ordnance Survey .ntf.

PBF .pbf, OSM, O5M

OpenStreetMap (OSM) native Protocol Binary Format (PBF) for total, native access to every detail of OSM data using OSM's recommended format. Manifold also reads OpenStreetMap OSM and O5M formats.

PCX

PC Paintbrush format by ZSoft

PIX

PCIDISK, Silicon Graphics Alias / Wavefront

PL .pl

Perl scripts

PNG .png

Portable Network Graphics (pronounced "Ping"), a well-known image format.

PPM

Portable PixMap (PPM) format.  Intended as a "lowest common denominator" color image file format.  Used in UNIX systems.

PY .py

Python scripts

RAW, RWB, RWT, BIN

Raw binary or raw text format files using various extensions.

RB .rb

Ruby scripts

RST

IDRISI .rst format raster image files

SGI

Silicon Graphics .sgi format files

SHP, Shapefiles

ESRI Shapefiles.  Manifold reads/writes/links shapefiles.

SID, MrSID

A format for raster compression using wavelet technology that was popular with government agencies in the early 2000's. Manifold directly reads MrSID format as a built-in format.

SQL

Files containing SQL.

SQLITE

SQLite database files.

SUN

SUN Microsystems .sun files

TAB, MapInfo

MapInfo TAB "table" format consists of multiple files, usually five files, referenced by a controlling .tab file. TAB format can result in drawings, labels, and raster images.

TGA

Targa Truevision .tga files

TIF, TIFF, GeoTIFF

TIF and variations such as GeoTIFF. Adobe Tagged Image File Format (TIFF or TIF) is so universally used few people know it is a Adobe format.  The GeoTIFF form of TIF includes tags providing projection information.  Manifold reads virtually all known variations of TIF/TIFF and will extract projection information from GeoTIFF or older TIF files accompanied by TFW "world" files.  Manifold reads GeoTIFF info and always writes TIF files with internal tags providing projection information that make them GeoTIFFs.

TOC .toc, .thf

NGA ARC Digitized Raster Graphics (ADRG) and Compressed ADRG (CADRG).   Same as using .thf but using a .toc file.

TXT

Text files.

VB

Visual Basic files.

VBS

VBScript files.

VCT

IDRISI vector format

VDF .vdf

SeaWiFS Satellite CEOS VDF format.  A possibly extinct format, replaced by .nc and .hdf.

VEC

IDRISI vector format

WEBP

Google .webp image format.

WKx .wj, .wk

Lotus

XLS .xls

Microsoft Excel

XYZ

Generic XYZ

 

GDAL Raster Formats

Manifold includes all of the above many formats and data sources within Manifold as fully parallelized, thread safe, native Manifold capabilities.    In addition, Manifold can connect to yet more formats using the GDAL open source library if the GDAL library is installed on our machine.  The names in the list below are GDAL names for the formats with descriptions taken verbatim from GDAL documentation.  

 

Important: we must have a functioning GDAL installation on our computer to use the GDAL dataport.  GDAL installations must be downloaded from third party sites and must be correctly installed. Many GDAL functions require installation of other third party libraries in addition to GDAL.

 

AAIGrid

Arc/Info ASCII Grid

ACE2

ACE2

ADRG

ADRG/ARC Digitilized Raster Graphics (.gen/.thf)

AIG

Arc/Info Binary Grid (.adf)

AIRSAR

AIRSAR Polarimetric

ARG

Azavea Raster Grid

BLX

Magellan BLX Topo (.blx, .xlb)

BAG

Bathymetry Attributed Grid (.bag)

BMP

Microsoft Windows Device Independent Bitmap (.bmp)

BPG

BPG (Better Portable Graphics)

BSB

BSB Nautical Chart Format (.kap)

BT

VTP Binary Terrain Format (.bt)

CAD

AutoCAD DWG Raster layer

CALS

CALS Type I

CEOS

CEOS (Spot for instance)

COASP

DRDC COASP SAR Processor Raster

COSAR

TerraSAR-X Complex SAR Data Product

CPG

Convair PolGASP data

CTG

USGS LULC Composite Theme Grid

DB2

DB2

DDS

DirectDraw Surface

DERIVED

Derived

DIMAP

Spot DIMAP (metadata.dim)

DIPEx

ELAS DIPEx

DODS

DODS / OPeNDAP

DOQ1

First Generation USGS DOQ (.doq)

DOQ2

New Labelled USGS DOQ (.doq)

DTED

Military Elevation Data (.dt0, .dt1, .dt2)

E00GRID

Arc/Info Export E00 GRID

ECRGTOC

ECRG Table Of Contents (TOC.xml)

ECW

ERDAS Compressed Wavelets (.ecw)

EHdr

ESRI .hdr Labelled

EIR

Erdas Imagine Raw

ELAS

NASA ELAS

ENVI

ENVI .hdr Labelled Raster

EPSILON

Epsilon - Wavelet compressed images

ERS

ERMapper (.ers)

ESAT

Envisat Image Product (.n1)

FAST

EOSAT FAST Format

FIT

FIT

FITS

FITS (.fits)

FujiBAS

Fuji BAS Scanner Image

GENBIN

Generic Binary (.hdr Labelled)

GPKG

GeoPackage

GEORASTER

Oracle Spatial GeoRaster

GFF

GSat File Format

GIF

Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)

GRIB

WMO GRIB1/GRIB2 (.grb)

GMT

GMT Compatible netCDF

GRASS

GRASS Raster Format

GRASSASCIIGrid

GRASS ASCII Grid

GSAG

Golden Software ASCII Grid

GSBG

Golden Software Binary Gri

GS7BG

Golden Software Surfer 7 Binary Grid

GSC

GSC Geogrid

GTA

Generic Tagged Arrays (.gta)

GTiff

TIFF / BigTIFF / GeoTIFF (.tif)

GTX

NOAA .gtx vertical datum shif

GXF

GXF - Grid eXchange File

HDF4

Hierarchical Data Format Release 4 (HDF4)

HDF5

Hierarchical Data Format Release 5 (HDF5)

HF2

HF2/HFZ heightfield ras

HFA

Erdas Imagine (.img)

IDA

Image Display and Analysis (WinDisp)

ILWIS

ILWIS Raster Map (.mpr,.mpl)

INGR

Intergraph Raster

IRIS

IRIS

ISCE

ISCE raster

ISIS2

USGS Astrogeology ISIS cube (Version 2)

ISIS3

USGS Astrogeology ISIS cube (Version 3)

JAXAPALSAR

JAXA PALSAR Product Reader (Level 1.1/1.5)

JDEM

Japanese DEM (.mem)

JPEG

JPEG JFIF (.jpg)

JPEGLS

JPEG-LS

JPEG2000

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JP2ECW

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JP2KAK

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JP2Lura

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JP2MrSID

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JP2OpenJPEG

JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)

JPIPKAK

JPIP (based on Kakadu)

KEA

KEA

KMLSUPEROVERLAY

KMLSUPEROVERLAY

KRO

KRO

L1B

NOAA Polar Orbiter Level 1b Data Set (AVHRR)

LAN

Erdas 7.x .LAN and .GIS

LCP

FARSITE v.4 LCP Format

Leveller

Daylon Leveller Heightfield

LOSLAS

NADCON .los/.las Datum Grid Shift

MBTiles

MBTiles

MAP

OziExplorer .MAP

MEM

In Memory Raster

MFF

Vexcel MFF

MFF2 (HKV

Vexcel MFF2

MG4Lidar

MG4 Encoded Lidar

MRF

Meta Raster Format

MrSID

Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database

MSG

Meteosat Second Generation

MSGN

EUMETSAT Archive native (.nat)

NDF

NLAPS Data Format

NGSGEOID

NOAA NGS Geoid Height Grids

NITF

NITF (.ntf, .nsf, .gn?, .hr?, .ja?, .jg?, .jn?, .lf?, .on?, .tl?, .tp?, etc.

netCDF

netCDF

NTv2

NTv2 Datum Grid Shift

NWT_GRC

Northwood/VerticalMapper Classified Grid Format .grc/.tab

NWT_GRD

Northwood/VerticalMapper Numeric Grid Format .grd/.tab

OGDI

OGDI Bridge

OZI

OZI OZF2/OZFX3

PAux

PCI .aux Labelled

PCIDSK

PCI Geomatics Database File

PCRaster

PCRaster

PDF

Geospatial PDF

PDS

NASA Planetary Data System

PLMosaic

Planet Labs Mosaics API

PNG

Portable Network Graphics (.png)

PostGISRaster

PostGIS Raster (previously WKTRaster)

PNM

Netpbm (.ppm,.pgm)

PRF

PHOTOMOD raster file (.prf,.x-dem)

R

R Object Data Store

RASDAMAN

Rasdaman

Rasterlite

Rasterlite - Rasters in SQLite DB

SQLite

Rasterlite2 - Rasters in SQLite DB

RIK

Swedish Grid RIK (.rik)

RMF

Raster Matrix Format (*.rsw, .mtw)

ROI_PAC

ROI_PAC Raster

RPFTOC

Raster Product Format/RPF (CADRG, CIB)

RS2

RadarSat2 XML (product.xml)

RRASTER

R Raster (.grd)

RST

Idrisi Raster

SAFE

Sentinel 1 SAR SAFE (manifest.safe)

SENTINEL2

Sentinel 2

SAGA

SAGA GIS Binary format

SAR_CEOS

SAR CEOS

SDE

ArcSDE Raster

SDTS

USGS SDTS DEM (*CATD.DDF

SGI

SGI Image Format

SNODAS

Snow Data Assimilation System

SRP

Standard Raster Product (ASRP/USRP)

SRTMHGT

SRTM HGT Format

TERRAGEN

Terragen Heightfield (.ter)

TIL

EarthWatch/DigitalGlobe .TIL

TSX

TerraSAR-X Product

USGSDEM

USGS ASCII DEM / CDED (.dem)

VICAR

VICAR

VRT

GDAL Virtual (.vrt)

WCS

OGC Web Coverage Service

WEBP

WEBP

WMS

OGC Web Map Service, and TMS, WorldWind, On Earth tiled, VirtualEarth, ArcGIS REST, IIP)

WMTS

OGC Web Map Tile Service

XPM

X11 Pixmap (.xpm)

XYZ

ASCII Gridded XYZ

ZMap

ZMap Plus Grid

 

OGR Vector Formats

In addition to all GDAL raster formats, the Manifold GDAL dataport also can connect to all OGR vector formats using the GDAL / OGR library. OGR is a popular open source library that can connect to many vector formats, including some niche formats in addition to native Manifold support.   OGR is part of GDAL installations.  The same GDAL dataport used to connect to GDAL raster libraries is also used to connect to the OGR vector part of GDAL.  The names in the list below are GDAL names for the formats with descriptions taken verbatim from GDAL documentation.  

 

Important: we must have a functioning GDAL installation on our computer to use the GDAL dataport to connect to an OGR format.  GDAL installations must be downloaded from third party sites and must be correctly installed. Many GDAL functions require installation of other third party libraries in addition to GDAL.

 

AeronavFAA

Aeronav FAA files

AmigoCloud

AmigoCloud API

ArcObjects

ESRI ArcObjects

AVCBin

Arc/Info Binary Coverage

AVCE00

Arc/Info .E00 (ASCII) Coverage

ARCGEN

Arc/Info Generate

BNA

Atlas BNA

CAD

AutoCAD DWG

DWG

AutoCAD DWG

DXF

AutoCAD DXF

Carto

Carto

Cloudant

Cloudant / CouchDB

CouchDB

CouchDB / GeoCouch

CSV

Comma Separated Value (.csv)

CSW

OGC CSW (Catalog Service for the Web)

VFK

Czech Cadastral Exchange Data Format

DB2ODBC

DB2 Spatial

DODS

DODS/OPeNDAP

EDIGEO

EDIGEO

ElasticSearch

ElasticSearch

FileGDB

ESRI FileGDB

PGeo

ESRI Personal GeoDatabase

SDE

ESRI ArcSDE

ESRI Shapefile

ESRI Shapefile / DBF

FMEObjects Gateway

FMEObjects Gateway

GeoJSON

GeoJSON

Geoconcept

Géoconcept Export

Geomedia

Geomedia .mdb

GPKG

GeoPackage

GeoRSS

GeoRSS

GFT

Google Fusion Tables

GML

GML

GMLAS

GMLAS

GMT

GMT

GPSBabel

GPSBabel

GPX

GPX

GRASS

GRASS Vector Format

GPSTrackMaker

GPSTrackMaker (.gtm, .gtz)

HTF

Hydrographic Transfer Format

Idrisi

Idrisi Vector (.VCT)

IDB

Informix DataBlade

INTERLIS

"Interlis 1" and "Interlis 2"

INGRES

INGRES

OpenJUMP

.jml JML

KML

KML

LIBKML

LIBKML

MapInfo File

MapInfo File

DGN

Microstation DGN v7

DGNv8

Microstation DGN v8

MDB

Access MDB (PGeo and Geomedia capable)

Memory

Memory

MongoDB

MongoDB

MySQL

MySQL

NAS

NAS - ALKIS

netCDF

netCDF

OCI

Oracle Spatial

ODBC

ODBC

MSSQLSpatial

MS SQL Spatial

ODS

Open Document Spreadsheet

OGDI

OGDI Vectors (VPF, VMAP, DCW)

OpenAir

OpenAir

OpenFileGDB

ESRI FileGDB

OSM

OpenStreetMap XML and PBF

PCIDSK

PCI Geomatics Database File

PDF

Geospatial PDF

PDS

PDS

PLScenes

Planet Labs Scenes AP

PGDump

PostgreSQL SQL dump

PostgreSQL/PostGIS

PostgreSQL/PostGIS

REC

EPIInfo .REC

S57

S-57 (ENC)

SDTS

SDTS

SEGUKOOA

SEG-P1 / UKOOA P1/90

SEGY

SEG-Y

Selafin

Selafin/Seraphin format

SOSI

Norwegian SOSI Standard

SQLite

SQLite/SpatiaLite

SUA

SUA

SVG

SVG

SXF

Storage and eXchange Format

UK. NTF

UK. NTF

TIGER

U.S. Census TIGER/Line

VRT

VRT - Virtual Datasourc

WFS

OGC WFS (Web Feature Service)

XLS

MS Excel format

XLSX

MS Office Open XML spreadsheet

XPLANE

X-Plane/Flightgear aeronautical data

VDV

VDV-451/VDV-452/IDF

Walk

Walk

WAsP

WAsP .map format

 

 

See Also

Formats and Data Sources

 

Format Examples