Radian Studio for Spatial Engineering

Data Sources

All the Data Sources You Need

Radian Studio Data Sources and Formats

Radian works with hundreds of different vector, raster and database sources, including Enterprise and personal databases, file databases, file formats and web servers, including all popular open and commercial Enterprise DBMS products as well as proprietary servers. Many of the sources listed in this page exist in significantly different subtypes and so constitute more than one format or protocol. Radian will automatically detect such subtypes and will use the correct Radian dataport to access, link to or import from the source as desired.

See the User Video showing how Radian can not only connect to ESRI gdb file geodatabases but slice and dice layers using Radian SQL as well.

In addition to explicit connections to database servers, file databases and file formats, flexible Radian connectivity to web servers using protocols such as OSM, TMS, WFS, WMS, WMTS, ECWP and ArcGIS REST provides connectivity to many thousands of data sources.

Database Servers

Always on connectivity built into every Radian Studio installation:

IBM DB2 Direct connection.
MySQL Direct connection.
Oracle Direct connection.
PostgreSQL Direct connection.
Microsoft SQL Server Direct connection.
SQLite Direct connection. (Also listed as a File Database source.)
ESRI Geodatabase ESRI Geodatabases using SDE style storage on database servers such as Oracle and other database servers. See listings under File Databases for ESRI File Geodatabases and ESRI Personal Geodatabases.
ODBC Any ODBC driver.
OLE DB Any OLE DB Provider.
ADO.NET Generic ADO.NET data source.
ADO.NET ODBC ODBC through ADO.NET
ADO.NET OLE DB OLE DB through ADO.NET
ADO.NET Oracle ADO.NET built in connection to Oracle.
ADO.NET SQL Server ADO.NET built in connection to SQL Server

Many popular database servers use variations of the above, such as ODBC, to connect. Search the vendor's website for the latest versions of required drivers. Some vendors require downloads or licensing to connect to their packages or to obtain their client drivers. Typical examples suggested by Radian users include:

Actian Matrix Connects using Actian Matrix ODBC drivers.
Actian Vector / Ingres Connects using Actian Ingres ODBC drivers.
ALTIBASE DSN connection requires ALTIBASE HDB Client.
Amazon Aurora Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Radian.
Amazon EMR Connects using Amazon Hive or Impala ODBC drivers.
Cisco Information Server 7.0 Connects using Cisco Client Installation Package with ODBC.
Cisco Information Server 6.2.6 Connects using Cisco Client Installation Package with ODBC.
Google Cloud SQL Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Radian.
HP Vertica Connects using HPE Vertica ODBC drivers.
MariaDB Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Radian.
MemSQL Connects using MySQL dialogs, built into Radian.
MapR Hadoop Hive Connects using MapR Hive ODBC drivers.
MonetDB Connects using MonetDB ODBC drivers.
Microsoft Azure Connects using SQL Server dialogs, built into Radian.
IBM Netezza Connects using Netezza ODBC driver.
Pivotal Greenplum Database Connects using Pivotal Greenplum ODBC drivers.
SAP HANA Connects using SAP HANA ODBC driver.
Snowflake Connects via ODBC. Sign on to your Snowflake instance and use Help - Download to get the ODBC driver.
Splunk Connects using Splunk ODBC drivers.
Teradata Connects using Teradata ODBC driver.

The above servers may require ODBC or other vendor-supplied drivers for connectivity. All other data sources on this page are built into Radian.

LiDAR data from ArcGIS REST server with palette by Radian

Above: LiDAR terrain elevation data for Charles County, Maryland, from an ArcGIS REST server. Palette and hill shading done on-the-fly by Radian using discrete palette stepping.

Web Servers

Built into every Radian Studio installation, the following web server connections provide access to many petabytes of data:

ArcGIS REST Servers

Connects to REST servers using ESRI ArcGIS protocols.

ECWP Servers Acquire streamed imagery layered over standard HTTP from ERDAS Compressed Wavelet Protocol (ECWP) servers
Geocodeserver Servers Geocoding servers using the open geocoding server module interface.
Imageserver Servers Image servers using the open image server module interface.
OSM Servers OpenStreetMap servers.
TMS Servers Tile Map Service (TMS) servers.
WFS Servers OpenGIS Web Feature Service (WFS) servers.
WMS Servers OpenGIS Web Map Service (WMS) servers.
WMTS Servers OpenGIS Web Map Tile Service (WMTS) servers.

Geocoding Servers

The geocoding server module interface is an open interface for which anyone can write a module. The following modules are built into Radian. Any user-provided modules will also appear as choices. Some geocoding services may require licensing or a key for access:

Bing Geocoder Street address geocoding using Bing.
Google Geocoder Street address geocoding using Google.
Here Geocoder Street address geocoding using Here.
Here Landmark Geocoder Landmark geocoding using Here.
Here Reverse Geocoder Reverse street address geocoding using Here.
MapBox Geocoder Street address geocoding using MapBox.
MapQuest Geocoder Street address geocoding using MapQuest.
OpenCage Geocoder Street address geocoding using OpenCage.
Yandex Geocoder Street address geocoding using Yandex.

Image Servers

The image server module interface is an open interface for which anyone can write a module. For spectacular visual examples, see the Radian User Manual Example topic. The following modules are built into Radian. Any user-provided modules will also appear as choices. Some image servers may require licensing or a key for access:

Bing Maps Hybrid Bing Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
Bing Maps Satellite Bing Maps showing satellite imagery.
Bing Maps Street Map

Bing Maps showing streets and features.

Google Maps Satellite

Google Maps showing satellite imagery.

Clicking on the image at right to open up a full size view of a typical Google satellite high resolution display seen when zooming in to the famous chateau at Chambord, in the valley of the Loire in France.

The other thumbnails show the same view as the street map scene of Munich shown below by the Google street map image server plus a zoomed in view. The satellite imagery and street map imagery layers in a map automatically align with each other and with other imageserver layers.

Google Maps Street Map

Google Maps showing streets and features.

Google Maps Street Map (Transparent) Google Maps showing streets with transparency between, to allow lower layers to show through.
Google Maps Terrain Google Maps showing hill shaded terrain elevation.
Google Maps v2 Hybrid Google Maps version 2 showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
Google Maps v2 Satellite Google Maps version 2 showing satellite imagery.
Google Maps v2 Street Map Google Maps version 2 showing streets and features.
Google Maps v2 Terrain Google Maps version 2 showing hill shaded terrain elevation.
Here Maps Base Here Maps showing streets and features.
Here Maps Hybrid Here Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
Here Maps Satellite Here Maps showing satellite imagery.
Here Maps Terrain Here Maps showing hill shaded terrain elevation.
MapBox Maps Hybrid MapBox Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
MapBox Maps Satellite MapBox Maps showing satellite imagery.
MapBox Maps Street Map MapBox Maps showing streets and features.
MapQuest Maps Hybrid MapQuest Maps showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
MapQuest Maps Satellite MapQuest Maps showing satellite imagery.
MapQuest Maps Street Map MapQuest Maps showing streets and features.
NearMap Maps Street Map NearMap Maps showing streets and features.
NearMap Maps Street Map (Direct) NearMap Maps showing streets and features.
OpenStreet Maps Base

OpenStreet Maps showing streets and features.

OpenStreet Maps Migurski's Terrain OpenStreet Maps showing Migurski styled hill shaded terrain elevation.
OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap OpenStreet Maps showing streets and features with terrain elevations of interest to cyclists.
OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap Transport

OpenStreet Maps OpenCycleMap with public transportation added.

WikiMapia Street Map

WikiMapia data showing streets and features.

WikiMapia Street Map (Transparent) WikiMapia data showing streets with transparency between, to allow lower layers to show through.
Yandex Maps Satellite Yandex Maps showing satellite imagery.
Yandex Maps Street Map

Yandex Maps showing streets and features.

Yandex Maps v2 Hybrid Yandex Maps version 2 showing streets overlaid on satellite imagery.
Yandex Maps v2 Satellite Yandex Maps version 2 showing satellite imagery.
Yandex Maps v2 Street Map Yandex Maps version 2 showing streets and features.

File Databases

The following connections are built into Radian. No third party software is required for these connections.

CSV .asc, .csv, .tab, .txt, etc... Text formats
DB .db Borland Paradox
DBF .dbf dBase, FoxPro
DSN .dsn Microsoft Data Source files 
HTML .htm, .html Tables in HTML pages
ESRI File Geodatabase ESRI File Geodatabases using ESRI GDB files for storage. See the User Video on using ESRI file geodatabases.
ESRI Personal Geodatabase ESRI Geodatabases using MDB files for storage.
MDB .mdb Microsoft Access 2000 and Access 97 .mdb format
SQLite SQLite database engine files.
UDL .udl Microsoft Universal Data Link
WKx .wj, .wk Lotus
XLS .xls Microsoft Excel
XLSX .xlsx Microsoft XLSX files (Microsoft Office 2007 and later), .xlsx

File Formats

Dataports for the following file formats are built into Radian. No third party software is required to access these formats.

"." dot files (GIRAS) Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) dot files.
"." dot files (GLOBE) ECC GLOBE format dot files.
"." dot files (GRASS) Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) format dot files.
000 S57 ENC charts in raster format.
ADRG THF .thf NGA ARC Digitized Raster Graphics, loaded from .thf files
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Level 1 B, .l1b
ADF ESRI .adf format, also sometimes called ArcGrid format. ADF files can contain either raster or vector data.
BIL ESRI Band Interleaved by Line (BIL) format.
BMP Windows bitmap, .bmp
BNA Atlas vector format.
BWx US Census Bureau TIGER file format.
CS .cs C# scripts
CSV Comma-separated or other text file tables.
CTG USGS LULC Composite Theme Grid
DAT SPOT file format.
DAT GCDB Geographic Coordinate Data Base (GCDB) DAT file format.
DB Tables in Borland Paradox files
DBF Tables in dBase, FoxPro files
DDF USGS SDTS DEM files
DDR LAS files
DEM USGS DEM files
DEM (GTOPO) USGS GTOPO30 DEM files
DGN .dgn Intergraph
DHT Cataloging entry for many military formats
DLG .dlg, .opt USGS Digital Line Graph Optional
DNG An Adobe variation of TIFF used in digital photography.
DOQ USGS Digital Orthophoto Quadrangle, .doq, .coq, .jpg
DRG USGS Digital Raster graphics (scanned maps) in .tif format.
DSN Microsoft Data Source files, .dsn
DTx, DTED Digital Terrain Elevation Data (US Military / NGA), DTED Level 0 (dt0), Level 1 (dt1), Level 2 (dt2)
DWG .dwg AutoCAD
DXF .dxf AutoCAD
E00 ESRI .e00 files
ECW / JPEG2000 ERMapper .ecw Wavelet compressed or JPEG2000 compressed format.
EMF, WMF Windows Meta File and Extended Meta File, .emf, .wmf
ERS ERMapper .ers files.
FLT .flt ESRI ArcINFO Floating-Point Grid
FS .fs F# scripts
GDF Geographic Data Format (GDF) as used in TeleAtlas MultiNet and generic European GDF use.
GIF A well-known image format, .gif
GIRAS Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) files.
GIS .gis .lan ERDAS .lan and .gis format files.
GLOBE ECC GLOBE format files.
GML OGC Geography Markup Language.
GPKG OGC Geopackage
GPX GPS Exchange Format.
GRASS US Army Corps of Engineers raster-based package.
GRD .grd ESRI ArcINFO ASCII Grid
GRD Northwood Northwood / Vertical Mapper Grid Format
GRD Surfer Golden Software Surfer Grid Format
GXF Geosoft Grid Exchange File, an ASCII grid format mainly used for terrain elevation data.
HDF SeaWiFS, EOS, NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications) Hierarchical Data Format (HDF). Used mostly for images. Used widely in Earth Observation Satellite (EOS) projects.
HGT Space Shuttle SRTM data in .hgt, .inc,.mag, .pol and .err files.
HTML Tables in HTML files.
IMG ENVI, ERDAS, IDRISI and IMDISP.img formats. Radian autoselects.
JPEG A well-known image format, .jpg, .jpeg.
JPEG 2000 Waveletcompression encoding.
JS .js JavaScript scripts
KML KMZ Google Earth KML and KMZ
L1B .l1b NOAA Polar Orbiter Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Level 1 B
LBL LAS Log ASCII Standard (LAS) format.
Manifold MAP Pre-Radian Manifold GIS .map project files.
MBS .mbs, .xbs ETAK / TeleAtlas MapBase
Manifold MFD 4.50 and earlier Manifold .mfd drawing files.
MIF .mif MapInfo mid/mif
Manifold MML Manifold Markup Language for generic storage.
Manifold MWS Manifold 4.50 workspace files
NC .nc NetCDF files
NDE TAIF .nde, .edg, .fac Tele Atlas Interchange Format, Street Net, Multi Net
NTF .ntf UK Ordnance Survey including various NTF subformats.
NITF NGA .ntf image format (different than UK Ordance Survey .ntf)
PCX PC Paintbrush format by ZSoft, .pcx
PIX PCIDISK, Silicon Graphics Alias / Wavefront .pix format
PL .pl Perl scripts
PNG .png Portable Network Graphics (pronounced "Ping").
PPM Portable PixMap (PPM) format.  Intended as a "lowest common denominator" color image file format.  Used in UNIX systems, .ppm
PY .py Python scripts
RB .rb Ruby scripts
RST IDRISI .rst format files
RWB Raw Binary format files
RWT Raw Text format files
SGI Silicon Graphics .sgi format files
SHP .shp ESRI Shapefiles
SQL Files containing SQL.
SQLite SQLite database files.
SUN Sun Microsystems .sun files
TAB MapInfo TAB grid files, .tab
TGA Targa .tga files
THF .thf, .toc NGA ARC Digitized Raster Graphics (ADRG) and Compressed ADRG (CADRG).
TIF TIFF TIF and variations such as GeoTIFF.
TOC .toc, .thf NGA ARC Digitized Raster Graphics (ADRG) and Compressed ADRG (CADRG).
TXT Text files.
VB Visual Basic files.
VBS VBScript files.
VCT .vct IDRISI Vector format
VDF .vdf SeaWiFS Satellite CEOS VDF format
VEC IDRISI
WEBP .webp Google .webp image formt.
WKx .wj, .wk Lotus
XLS .xls Microsoft Excel
XYZ Generic XYZ

Format availability is subject to change without notice.

Suggestions for New Formats

Suggestions to improve Manifold are always welcome. If you would like to suggest a new format, please see the Suggestions page for tips on making effective suggestions.


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Re-projection on the fly

Radian will automatically re-project layers as necessary for display in maps. Above a map containing a Bing web-served image from a Radian imageserver dataport is in pseudo-Mercator projection. The layer above shows terrain elevation data for that portion of Florida as an image, originally in Latitude / Longitude projection but automatically re-reprojected by Radian to match the pseudo-Mercator coordinate system used by Bing, maintaining perfect geo-registration. Radian also colored the terrain data on-the-fly with a custom, user-specified palette.

About Manifold

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